Quick: Cheat Sheet

Saurabh Sharma

A cheat sheet for Installing K8S cluster.

Step1:

Check your OS?
  • cat /etc/issue
  • lsb_release -a

Step 2:

Add the GPG key as described here

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -

Step 3:

Add repository

sudo add-apt-repository \
   "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
   $(lsb_release -cs) \
   stable"

Step 4:

GPG for K8S as mentioned here

curl -s https://packages.cloud.google.com/apt/doc/apt-key.gpg | sudo apt-key add -

add the repostiory too

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list
deb https://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial main
EOF

Step 5:

Run apt update

sudo apt-get update

Step 6:

Installing latest can be accomplished by using

sudo apt-get install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl
sudo apt-mark hold kubelet kubeadm kubectl

I did a specific version

sudo apt install -y docker-ce=5:19.03.10~3-0~ubuntu-focal kubelet=1.18.5-00 kubeadm=1.18.5-00 kubectl=1.18.5-00

Step 7:

Depending on which third-party provider you choose, you might need to set the --pod-network-cidr to a provider-specific value. See Installing a Pod network add-on.

Choose a Pod network add-on, and verify whether it requires any arguments to be passed to kubeadm init.

sudo kubeadm init --pod-network-cidr=10.244.0.0/16

It might give an output at the end like this

[addons] Applied essential addon: CoreDNS
[addons] Applied essential addon: kube-proxy

Your Kubernetes control-plane has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
  https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/cluster-administration/addons/

Then you can join any number of worker nodes by running the following on each as root:

kubeadm join 10.0.1.101:6443 --token 0s94g0.l7q69nvf7jwa2vxm \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:559f153599b382e2a4551b15360e111cca40bde56889448eedce0c6ae733b0e4 

Step 8:

Follow the steps before you can use cluster as mentioned in output and keep not of the join command

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

Do not issue the join command on the master node, as it is meant for nodes.

Follow Step 1 - 6 on the machines that you want to be part of the cluster

kubeadm join 10.0.1.101:6443 --token 0s94g0.l7q69nvf7jwa2vxm \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:559f153599b382e2a4551b15360e111cca40bde56889448eedce0c6ae733b0e4 

Step 9:

Install network-add on.

Note: Currently Calico is the only CNI plugin that the kubeadm project performs e2e tests against. If you find an issue related to a CNI plugin you should log a ticket in its respective issue tracker instead of the kubeadm or kubernetes issue trackers.

 kubectl apply -f https://docs.projectcalico.org/v3.14/manifests/calico.yaml

Step 10:

On node machines use the join command to join the cluster. It would show an output at the end like below

[kubelet-start] Downloading configuration for the kubelet from the "kubelet-config-1.18" ConfigMap in the kube-system namespace
[kubelet-start] Writing kubelet configuration to file "/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
[kubelet-start] Writing kubelet environment file with flags to file "/var/lib/kubelet/kubeadm-flags.env"
[kubelet-start] Starting the kubelet
[kubelet-start] Waiting for the kubelet to perform the TLS Bootstrap...

This node has joined the cluster:
* Certificate signing request was sent to apiserver and a response was received.
* The Kubelet was informed of the new secure connection details.

Run 'kubectl get nodes' on the control-plane to see this node join the cluster.

Conclusion

Check for the nodes joining the cluster using

kubectl get nodes
NAME            STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
ip-10-0-1-101   Ready    master   28m   v1.18.5
ip-10-0-1-102   Ready    <none>   26m   v1.18.5
ip-10-0-1-103   Ready    <none>   26m   v1.18.5

You can also follow it up by creating a quick deployment using the NGINX image as below

kubectl create deployment nginx --image=nginx
kubectl get deploy
NAME    READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
nginx   1/1     1            1           29m
kubectl get pods
NAME                    READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-f89759699-hqvcm   1/1     Running   0          30m

Try exposing the port

kubectl expose --help

One thought on “Quick: Cheat Sheet

  1. 1. `k port-forward pod-name 8081:80`
    2. `curl http://127.0.0.1:8081`
    3. `k expose deploy nginx –port 80 –type NodePort`
    4. `k get svc`
    5. `k get po -o wide`

    “`
    NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE IP NODE NOMINATED NODE READINESS GATES
    nginx-f89759699-hqvcm 1/1 Running 0 33m 10.244.111.1 ip-10-0-1-103
    “`

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